Definition: The deterioration of retinal blood vessles, called diabetic retinopathy, can lead to vision loss. Although considered one disease, there are many types of diabetic retinopathy. The two main categories are nonproliferative (when blood vessels leak and/or close) and proliferative (new blood vessels grow, or proliferate) retinopathy.
Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy:
Treatment: Different levels of severity of diabetic retinopathy and different areas of the retina involved merit different treatments. Sometimes injectable medications like Avastin, Lucentis, Eylea, or Kenalog are used. Laser photocoagulation treatment can often stop or slow the progression of diabetic retinopathy and safely and reliably stabilize or improve vision. By focusing the laser onto diseased areas in the retina, swelling can be reduced, closed vessels destroyed, and weak vessels sealed. Laser can be used in three patterns:
Everyone, and especially those with diabetes, should have an eye exam every year to monitor for eye disease and vision changes. Call 772-569-9500 today for a personal consultation or request an appointment online.